The so-called standardization means that there are vari […]
The so-called standardization means that there are various specifications in the terminal manufacturer, such as: rules, regulations, rules, standards, essentials, etc. The things that these specifications form into a text are collectively called standards (or standard books). Setting standards and then putting them into action is called standardization. Those who think that the preparation or modification of the standard means that the standardization has been completed are wrong. Only after guidance and training can standardization be implemented.
Innovation, improvement and standardization are the two major wheels for improving the management level of terminal manufacturers. Improvement and innovation is the driving force for the continuous improvement of the management level of terminal manufacturers, while standardization is the braking force to prevent the management level of terminal manufacturers from falling. Without standardization, terminal manufacturers cannot maintain a high level of management.
First, the four goals of standardization
In a terminal factory, the so-called "manufacturing" means to produce products of uniform quality and specifications at a specified cost, specified man-hours. To achieve the above objectives, if the operations at the manufacturing site, such as the order of the processes, are randomly changed, or the operating methods or operating conditions are changed from person to person, products that meet the above objectives must not be produced. Therefore, the work flow, work methods, and work conditions must be specified and implemented to make them standardized.
Standardization has the following four purposes: technical reserve, improving efficiency, preventing recurrence, education and training
The function of standardization is mainly to save the technology and experience accumulated by the members in the terminal manufacturer through the way of files, instead of losing the entire technology and experience due to the flow of personnel. The organization knows as much as the individual knows, that is, the personal experience (wealth) is transformed into the wealth of the terminal manufacturer; moreover, because of the standardization, even if a different person operates for each job, it will not Because different people have great differences in efficiency and quality.
If there is no standardization, when the old employee leaves, he will take away all the valuable experience, such as the corresponding methods and operating skills, that have happened to him. After taking away in his mind, the new employee may repeat the previous problems, even if they are taught during the transfer. But it is difficult to fully remember by memory. Without standardization, different masters will bring out different apprentices, and the consistency of their work results can be imagined.
Requirements for the establishment of good standards
Many domestic terminal terminal manufacturers have this or that standard, but if you analyze it carefully, you will find that many standards have problems such as poor operability and ambiguity, such as "requires moderate cooling water flow". What is moderate traffic? Not operational. "Requires careful insertion", what is "careful"? Incomprehensible. In fact, there are requirements for the formulation of a good standard, which must meet the following six points:
1. Goal Orientation: Standards must be goal-oriented: that is, following the standards can always produce products of the same quality. Therefore, words and content that are not related to the target should not appear.
2. Display the reason and result: for example, "tighten the screws safely". This is a result and should describe how to tighten the screws. Another example is "the welding thickness should be 3 microns" This is a result and should be described as: "The welder applies a current of 3.0A for 20 minutes to obtain a thickness of 3.0 microns."
3. Accuracy: Avoid abstraction: "Be careful when tightening screws". What is to be careful about? Such ambiguous words are inappropriate.
4. Quantification—Specific: Everyone who reads the standard must be able to interpret the standard in the same way. To achieve this, more figures and numbers should be used in the standard. For example, using a more quantitative expression, "use centrifuge A to spin dehydrated material at 100 +/- 50 rpm for 5 to 6 minutes" instead of "dehydrated material".
5. Reality: Standards must be realistic and operational. Standard operability is very important. Poor operability is a common problem of many domestic terminal manufacturers. We can see the operating procedures, equipment maintenance and other standards on the walls of many terminal manufacturers' workshops. Let's compare the two tables below to see what is operability.